A herniated disc is a common orthopaedic condition that affects the spinal column. It is also known as a slipped or ruptured disc. The spine is made up of a series of bones called vertebrae, and in between these bones are discs that act as cushions, providing shock absorption and allowing for flexibility in the spine.
A herniated disc occurs when the soft, jelly-like center of a disc bulges out through a tear or weakness in the outer layer, called the annulus fibroses. This bulge can put pressure on nearby nerves, causing pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs, depending on the location of the herniation.
The condition can be caused by injury or degeneration of the spine due to aging, repetitive stress, or poor posture. Treatment options for a herniated disc may include rest, physical therapy, medication, epidural steroid injections, or surgery in severe cases.
The treatment options for a herniated disc recommended by an orthopaedic doctor can vary based on the patient’s symptoms and the severity of the condition. Common treatments may include conservative measures like rest, physical therapy, pain relievers, and hot/cold therapy. Physiotherapy may involve exercises that strengthen the muscles supporting the spine to alleviate pressure on the affected disc.
In some cases, surgeon may recommend epidural steroid injections, which are designed to reduce inflammation and pain in the area around the spinal cord.
If the patient’s symptoms persist despite conservative treatment, or if there is a risk of nerve damage, surgery may be necessary. The most common surgical option for a herniated disc is a discectomy, in which the surgeon removes the affected portion of the disc to relieve pressure on the nerves.
In addition to medical treatments, lifestyle changes such as improving posture, losing weight, quitting smoking, and avoiding prolonged sitting or standing can help manage the symptoms of a herniated disc.
Overall, it’s important for patients with a herniated disc to seek evaluation and guidance from an Dr. Mammu to determine the best treatment options for your individual needs.